VR Type 02 - Letter codes


Instructions

In each of the following questions, words have been written in code. The first word and its code has been given to you. You must find the second word or code. The alphabet has been provided to assist you.

Method

The question can either…

give you the code and you have to find the word or…

give you the word and you have to find the code

To solve this question you look at the relationship between letters in the Alphabet Line. Work out how each letter of the word relates to each letter of the code. Once you know how to crack the code you will be able to work out the answer.

Video Tutorial

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Examples

Constant Step Variation

The step between the code-letters and the word-letters is constant.

Steps can be something like this

+1 +1 +1 +1 etc
+2 +2 +2 +2 etc
+3 +3 +3 +3 etc
+4 +4 +4 +4 etc

Example Question 1:

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z 

If the code for PUNK is RWPM
What does EWNR mean?

Answer : GULP

Explanation: PUNK to RWPM has the pattern +2 +2 +2 +2. We apply that to the code IWNR but in reverse to get the word, so, it will be -2 -2 -2 -2. This makes GULP.

Incrementing / Decrementing Step Variation

The steps between the letters can increase (or decrease).

Steps can be something like this

+3 +4 +5 +6 etc
+2 +4 +6 +8 etc
+5 +4 +3 +2 etc

Example Question 2:

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z 

If the code for BIRDS is YLOGP
What is the code for FACES?

Answer : CDZHP

Explanation: BIRDS to YLOGP has the pattern -3 +3 -3 +3 -3. We apply that to the word FACES. This makes the code CDZHP.

Sign Flipper Variation

The step between the letters letter flips between positive and negative (forwards or backwards in the Alphabet Line).

Steps can be something like this

+2 -2 +2 -2 etc

or, combined with Incrementing step(above), you could get

+1 -2 +3 -4 etc.

Example Question 3:

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z 

If the code for USER is RQDR
What does IMNP mean?

Answer : LOOP

Explanation: USER to RQDR have the pattern -3 -2 -1 -0. We apply that to the code IMNP but in reverse to get the word, so, it will be +3 +2 +1 +0. This makes LOOP.

Mirror image types Variation

These questions do come up in the exam from time to time. They are not mentioned in some method and technique books so listen up! The alphabet gets split in the middle so each letter on the left side of the alphabet has a partner on the right side of the alphabet. 

Example Question 4:

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z 

If the code for HIDE is SRWV
What is the code for LEAN?

Answer : OVZM

Explanation: HIDE and SRWV are mirror images of each other. Split the alphabet down the middle at M and N and use each side as a mirror image of the other i.e. M mirrors N and A mirrors Z.

ABCDEFGHIJKLM
ZYXWVUTSRQPON

Apply that to LEAN to get OVZM.

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