English Topic 18 - Nouns: common, proper, collective, abstract & concrete

Nouns: common, proper, collective, abstract & concrete and other types of nouns are commonly tested in 11 plus exam questions.


Proper nouns are the actual names given to people, places or things e.g. Manchester, Philip, Mercedes Benz – they always have a capital letter.

Common nouns are the names given to any people, places or things, but not their actual name e.g. city, girl, car, book, road

Collective nouns are the names given to a group of things e.g. pack of cards, herd of cows, gaggle of geese, flight of stairs, flock of birds, bunch of flowers, swarm of bees, parliament of owls

Concrete nouns are the name of things that can be seen or touched e.g. pencil, cat, cloud, paper, people, food

Abstract nouns are the names of things that cannot be seen or touched e.g. joy, faith, pride, love, wish, sense

Compound nouns are nouns made up of more than one word that are always used together e.g. washing machine, bus stop. Sometimes they are hyphenated e.g. , passer-by, mother-in-law, check-out. Other compound nouns are written as one word e.g. butterfly, breakfast, toothpaste.

Singular nouns are nouns that are one of something e.g. book, exam, horse, piano

Plural nouns are nouns that are given where there is more than one of something e.g. men, babies, fungi, boxes, oxen, mice

Countable nouns are nouns that can be counted e.g. dog, pen, window, door. They have a singular and a plural form.

Uncountable nouns are nouns that cannot be counted, as one of the item cannot be separated e.g. water, money, sugar. They only have a singular form.

Topic videos


A Powerpoint about different kinds of nouns.


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