English Topic 12 - Subjects and objects


The subject of a sentence is who or what the sentence is about. It is the person or thing that performs the action of the verb. The easiest way of finding the subject in a sentence is to first look for the verb, and then ask yourself who/what is doing this. The subject may be one word (simple subject), two words (compound subject) or a phrase containing the noun (noun phrase).

The object in a sentence is the who or what in a sentence that the verb affects/relates to.

Examples of subjects and objects in a sentence:

The man took his hat off in the house. (simple subject = man, object = hat)

Sue ate her lunch. (simple subject = Sue, object = lunch)

The dog ran around the park at top speed. ( simple subject = dog, object = park)

Sarim and Urav travelled to the city together. (compound subject = Sarim and Urav, object = city)

All the beautiful flowers were cut for market. (noun phrase subject = all the beautiful flowers, object = market)

Video Tutorials:

Subjects in a sentence

Subjects, verbs and objects in a sentence