Non-verbal Reasoning Introduction

The following is a guide to help you understand the basics of Non-Verbal Reasoning: Components, Shifts, Manipulations/Changes and Sequences. 

Components

NVR questions are made using different components, such as lines, shapes, shading and patterns.

Lines

Various line shapes and line types are used.

Line Types: eleven plus non verbal reasoning types Line Thickness: eleven plus non verbal reasoning types
Line Shapes: eleven plus non verbal reasoning line shapes Examples of other line shapes: eleven plus non verbal reasoning other line shapes

Shapes

Non-Verbal Reasoning shapes can be thought of in terms of two different groups.

Standard Shapes: eleven plus non verbal reasoning standard shapes Non-Standard Shapes: eleven plus non verbal reasoning non-standard shapes

Shading and Patterns

Shapes can be filled in a variety of ways.

Solid Shading: eleven plus non verbal reasoning solid shading Line Shading: eleven plus non verbal reasoning line shading Lattice Patterns: eleven plus non verbal reasoning lattice patterns

 

Irregular Patterns: eleven plus non verbal reasoning irregular patterns Spotted Patterns: eleven plus non verbal reasoning spotted patterns

Shifts

In Non-Verbal Reasoning questions, shapes can shift in various ways. They can transpose, rotate, reflect or overlay.

Transpose

eleven plus non verbal reasoning transpose

Shapes can move vertically, horizontally or diagonally.

Rotate

eleven plus non verbal reasoning rotate

Shapes can move Clockwise or Anti-Clockwise.

Reflect

a) Mirror Reflection  eleven plus non verbal reasoning mirror reflections

Shapes can be mirrored using a line of Reflection (the shape will reflect and move from its original position).

b) Vertical Flip eleven plus non verbal reasoning vertical flip c) Horizontal Flip eleven plus non verbal reasoning horizontal flip

The line of Reflection runs through the shape (the shape will invert and stay in its original position).

Overlay

eleven plus non verbal reasoning overlay eleven plus non verbal reasoning pverlay

Shapes can overlap each other or merge together. 

Manipulations

Shapes can be changed and manipulated in a variety of ways. 

Increasing/Decreasing

A shape can change in size or transform by squashing and stretching.

eleven plus non verbal reasoning transform shape 11 plus non verbal reasoning

Addition

One or more new shapes can change the original shape.

eleven plus addition non-verbal reasoning The original shape can be copied once or more often
eleven plus NVR The number of shapes can change in regular intervals

Deduction

Parts can be removed to create a new shape.

eleven plus non-verbal reasoning parts 

Sequences

Shapes can make a sequence (pattern) by either repeating the same movement (or change to the components) or by increasing/decreasing in size or number in a regular interval.

Movement Sequence

movement sequence eleven plus non-verbal reasoning

Repetitive movement through rotation – 90 degrees clockwise. The shading also alternates in the above example.

Size and Number Sequence

 numbers and sequence eleven plus NVR eleven plus non-verbal reasoning


Be aware that more than one change can happen in Non-Verbal Reasoning questions. In easier questions you might have just one or two changes that happen to shapes, however questions with as many as 5 different changes are more complex to solve and more practice is needed to be able to identify these changes quickly.

Now it’s Your Turn!

Have a go yourself and start with our free NVR Initial Assessment in My 11PLUS (Chuckra Online Assessment Tool).


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