The following is a guide to help you understand the basics of Non-Verbal Reasoning: Components, Shifts, Manipulations/Changes and Sequences.
NVR questions are made using different components, such as lines, shapes, shading and patterns.
Various line shapes and line types are used.
|Line Types:||Line Thickness:|
|Line Shapes:||Examples of other line shapes:|
Non-Verbal Reasoning shapes can be thought of in terms of two different groups.
|Standard Shapes:||Non-Standard Shapes:|
Shading and Patterns
Shapes can be filled in a variety of ways.
|Solid Shading:||Line Shading:||Lattice Patterns:|
|Irregular Patterns:||Spotted Patterns:|
In Non-Verbal Reasoning questions, shapes can shift in various ways. They can transpose, rotate, reflect or overlay.
Shapes can move vertically, horizontally or diagonally.
Shapes can move Clockwise or Anti-Clockwise.
|a) Mirror Reflection|
Shapes can be mirrored using a line of Reflection (the shape will reflect and move from its original position).
|b) Vertical Flip||c) Horizontal Flip|
The line of Reflection runs through the shape (the shape will invert and stay in its original position).
Shapes can overlap each other or merge together.
Shapes can be changed and manipulated in a variety of ways.
A shape can change in size or transform by squashing and stretching.
One or more new shapes can change the original shape.
|The original shape can be copied once or more often|
|The number of shapes can change in regular intervals|
Parts can be removed to create a new shape.
Shapes can make a sequence (pattern) by either repeating the same movement (or change to the components) or by increasing/decreasing in size or number in a regular interval.
Repetitive movement through rotation – 90 degrees clockwise. The shading also alternates in the above example.
Size and Number Sequence
Be aware that more than one change can happen in Non-Verbal Reasoning questions. In easier questions you might have just one or two changes that happen to shapes, however questions with as many as 5 different changes are more complex to solve and more practice is needed to be able to identify these changes quickly.
Now it’s Your Turn!
Have a go yourself and start with our free NVR Initial Assessment in My 11PLUS (Chuckra Online Assessment Tool).